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과제정보

과제정보
과제명 (가칭) 국립자연유산원』건립 타당성 연구 용역
기관명 문화재청
담당부서 문화재청 천연기념물과
전화번호 042-481-4982
연구기간 2018-02-26 ~ 2018-12-10
연구분야 문화재정책기반조성
개요 (가칭)국립자연유산연구소 건립의 타당성 및 필요성 등을 종합적으로 분석하여 건립 기본 방향 수립

계약정보

과제정보
수행기관 (재)한국산업개발연구원 [기타]
수행연구원 서효동
계약일자 2018-02-21
계약방식 일반경쟁입찰에 의한 계약
계약금액 46,000,000원

연구결과 정보

과제정보
제목 (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 타당성 연구
연구보고서
목차
I. 연구개요 ····················································································································· 3 1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 ·········································································································· 3 1.1 연구의 배경 ··················································································································· 3 1.2 연구의 목적 ··················································································································· 3 2. 연구의 범위 ························································································································· 4 3. 연구의 방법 ························································································································· 5 4. 선행연구 검토 ····················································································································· 6 4.1 국립자연유산연구소 건립 타당성 조사 연구 ······························································· 7 가. 연구개요 ··················································································································· 7 나. 연구내용 ··················································································································· 8 4.2 국립천연기념물관 건립 기본구상 ··············································································· 13 가. 연구개요 ················································································································· 13 나. 연구내용 ················································································································· 14 4.3 시사점 ··························································································································· 19 II. 국내 자연유산 환경과 현황 분석 ·········································································· 23 1. 자연유산 일반 환경 ·········································································································· 23 1.1 정책적 환경 ·················································································································· 23 1.2 사회·문화적 환경 ········································································································· 24 1.3 경제적 환경 ·················································································································· 26 1.4 학술·기술적 환경 ········································································································· 29 2. 자연유산의 법적 환경 ······································································································· 31 2.1 자연유산의 정의 ·········································································································· 31 가. 세계 문화 및 자연 유산 보호 협약에서의 자연유산 ··········································· 32 나. 문화재보호법에서의 자연유산 ··············································································· 33 다. 세계유산협약과 문화재보호법의 비교·분석 ·························································· 34 2.2 자연유산의 지정 체계 ································································································· 36 2.3 자연유산의 지정 기준 및 현황 ··················································································· 37 가. 유형별 지정 기준 및 현황 ····················································································· 37 나. 자연유산의 지역별 지정 현황 ··············································································· 40 3. 자연유산의 보호·관리 현황 ······························································································ 41 3.1 자연유산 보호·관리 관련 기능 현황 ·········································································· 41 3.2 자연유산 보호·관리 체계 ···························································································· 46 3.3 자연유산 보호·관리 조직 ···························································································· 47 4. 국내 자연유산 보호·관리 실태 ························································································· 50 4.1 자연유산 보호·관리 수요 ···························································································· 50 4.2 자연유산 보호·관리 조직 및 인력 ·············································································· 51 4.3 자연유산 보호·관리 전문성 ························································································· 53 4.4 자연유산 전문기관의 부재 ·························································································· 54 5. 시사점 ································································································································ 55 III. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립의 기본 방향 ··························································· 59 1. 국외 사례 검토 ·················································································································· 59 1.1 런던 자연사박물관 ······································································································· 59 1.2 도쿄문화재연구소 ········································································································· 63 1.3 아칸소 자연유산위원회 ······························································································· 66 1.4 스코틀랜드 자연유산 ··································································································· 68 2. 국내 사례 검토 ·················································································································· 72 2.1 국립생물자원관 ············································································································ 72 2.2 국립무형유산원 ············································································································ 76 2.3 천연기념물센터 ············································································································ 80 2.4 국립생태원 ··················································································································· 84 3. 사례 검토 시사점 ·············································································································· 89 3.1 국내 사례 ····················································································································· 89 3.2 국외 사례 ····················································································································· 91 4. 자연유산 현황 SWOT ······································································································· 92 4.1 SWOT 개요 ················································································································ 92 4.2 SWOT 결과 ·················································································································· 93 5. 설립 유형 검토 ·················································································································· 94 5.1 설립유형별 장·단점 ····································································································· 94 5.2 설립유형 검토 결과 ····································································································· 97 6. 건축 및 시설 관련 법률 ··································································································· 98 6.1 건축법 ··························································································································· 98 6.2 건축물의 피난·방화구조 등의 기준에 관한 규칙 ····················································· 100 6.3 공중화장실 등에 관한 법률 ······················································································ 101 6.4 장애인·노인·임산부 등의 편의증진 보장에 관한 법률 ············································ 102 6.5 도시교통정비 촉진법 ································································································· 103 IV. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 기본 구상 ····························································· 107 1. (가칭) 국립자연유산원의 기본 개념 ··············································································· 107 2. 기능 및 공간 구상 ·········································································································· 108 2.1 기본적 역할 ················································································································ 108 2.2 주요 공간 구상 ·········································································································· 109 3. 부지의 적정성 검토 ········································································································· 110 3.1 (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 후보지 대안 ································································ 110 3.2 대안 1 - 을숙도 일원 ································································································ 111 3.3 대안 2 - 에코델타시티 일원 ····················································································· 113 3.4 대안 3 - 둔치도 일원 ································································································ 115 4. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 후보지 선정 ······································································ 116 4.1 부지의 적정성 검토 기준 ·························································································· 116 4.2 부지의 적정성 검토 결과 ·························································································· 118 V. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립의 타당성 분석 ······················································· 121 1. 적정 건립 규모 및 시설배치 기본계획 ·········································································· 121 1.1 건립 기본 방향 ·········································································································· 121 1.2 적정 건립 규모 ·········································································································· 121 2. 운영 계획 ························································································································· 123 2.1 조직 구성 ··················································································································· 123 2.2 인력 구성 ··················································································································· 124 3. 총 사업비 추정 ················································································································ 126 3.1 비용 추정 기준 ·········································································································· 126 3.2 공사비 추정 ················································································································ 127 가. 건축공사비 ············································································································ 127 나. 조경공사비 ············································································································ 127 다. 전시공사비 ············································································································ 128 라. 부지매입비 ············································································································ 128 3.3 시설부대경비 ·············································································································· 128 가. 설계비 ··················································································································· 129 나. 감리비 ··················································································································· 129 다. 시설부대비 ············································································································ 130 라. 시설부대경비 종합 ······························································································· 130 마. 예비비 ··················································································································· 130 3.4 총 사업비 추정 결과 ································································································· 131 가. 공공기관 설립 총 사업비 ····················································································· 131 나. 소속기관 건립 총 사업비 ····················································································· 132 4. 운영비 추정 ····················································································································· 133 4.1 인건비 산정 ·········································································································· 133 4.2 관리운영비 산정 ········································································································· 133 4.3 사업비 산정 ················································································································ 134 4.4 총 운영비 추정 결과 ································································································· 134 4.5 재투자비 ····················································································································· 135 4.6 잔존가치 ····················································································································· 135 5. 수입 추정 ························································································································· 136 5.1 예상입장수입 ·············································································································· 136 5.2 예상임대수입 ·············································································································· 137 5.3 수입 종합 ··················································································································· 137 6. 경제성 분석 ····················································································································· 138 6.1 경제성 분석 개요 ······································································································· 138 6.2 경제성 분석 결과 ······································································································· 140 7. 정책적 분석 ····················································································································· 145 7.1 지역낙후도 분석 ········································································································· 145 7.2 지역경제 파급효과 ····································································································· 146 가. 지역간산업연관 모형 ···························································································· 146 나. 지역경제 파급효과 분석 ······················································································ 147 VI. 종합평가 ·············································································································· 151 1. AHP를 활용한 종합판단 ································································································· 151 1.1 AHP 분석 개요 ·········································································································· 151 1.2 AHP 분석 전제 ·········································································································· 152 1.3 AHP 분석 결과 ········································································································ 155 2. 정책적 제언 ····················································································································· 159 2.1 사업추진 의지와 실행을 위한 제언 ·········································································· 159 2.2 기관 유형 설정을 위한 제언 ····················································································· 160
 

I. 연구개요 ····················································································································· 3
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 ·········································································································· 3
1.1 연구의 배경 ··················································································································· 3
1.2 연구의 목적 ··················································································································· 3
2. 연구의 범위 ························································································································· 4
3. 연구의 방법 ························································································································· 5
4. 선행연구 검토 ····················································································································· 6
4.1 국립자연유산연구소 건립 타당성 조사 연구 ······························································· 7
가. 연구개요 ··················································································································· 7
나. 연구내용 ··················································································································· 8
4.2 국립천연기념물관 건립 기본구상 ··············································································· 13
가. 연구개요 ················································································································· 13
나. 연구내용 ················································································································· 14
4.3 시사점 ··························································································································· 19
II. 국내 자연유산 환경과 현황 분석 ·········································································· 23
1. 자연유산 일반 환경 ·········································································································· 23
1.1 정책적 환경 ·················································································································· 23
1.2 사회·문화적 환경 ········································································································· 24
1.3 경제적 환경 ·················································································································· 26
1.4 학술·기술적 환경 ········································································································· 29
2. 자연유산의 법적 환경 ······································································································· 31
2.1 자연유산의 정의 ·········································································································· 31
가. 세계 문화 및 자연 유산 보호 협약에서의 자연유산 ··········································· 32
나. 문화재보호법에서의 자연유산 ··············································································· 33
다. 세계유산협약과 문화재보호법의 비교·분석 ·························································· 34
2.2 자연유산의 지정 체계 ································································································· 36
2.3 자연유산의 지정 기준 및 현황 ··················································································· 37
가. 유형별 지정 기준 및 현황 ····················································································· 37
나. 자연유산의 지역별 지정 현황 ··············································································· 40
3. 자연유산의 보호·관리 현황 ······························································································ 41
3.1 자연유산 보호·관리 관련 기능 현황 ·········································································· 41
3.2 자연유산 보호·관리 체계 ···························································································· 46
3.3 자연유산 보호·관리 조직 ···························································································· 47
4. 국내 자연유산 보호·관리 실태 ························································································· 50
4.1 자연유산 보호·관리 수요 ···························································································· 50
4.2 자연유산 보호·관리 조직 및 인력 ·············································································· 51
4.3 자연유산 보호·관리 전문성 ························································································· 53
4.4 자연유산 전문기관의 부재 ·························································································· 54
5. 시사점 ································································································································ 55
III. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립의 기본 방향 ··························································· 59
1. 국외 사례 검토 ·················································································································· 59
1.1 런던 자연사박물관 ······································································································· 59
1.2 도쿄문화재연구소 ········································································································· 63
1.3 아칸소 자연유산위원회 ······························································································· 66
1.4 스코틀랜드 자연유산 ··································································································· 68
2. 국내 사례 검토 ·················································································································· 72
2.1 국립생물자원관 ············································································································ 72
2.2 국립무형유산원 ············································································································ 76
2.3 천연기념물센터 ············································································································ 80
2.4 국립생태원 ··················································································································· 84
3. 사례 검토 시사점 ·············································································································· 89
3.1 국내 사례 ····················································································································· 89
3.2 국외 사례 ····················································································································· 91
4. 자연유산 현황 SWOT ······································································································· 92
4.1 SWOT 개요 ················································································································ 92
4.2 SWOT 결과 ·················································································································· 93
5. 설립 유형 검토 ·················································································································· 94
5.1 설립유형별 장·단점 ····································································································· 94
5.2 설립유형 검토 결과 ····································································································· 97
6. 건축 및 시설 관련 법률 ··································································································· 98
6.1 건축법 ··························································································································· 98
6.2 건축물의 피난·방화구조 등의 기준에 관한 규칙 ····················································· 100
6.3 공중화장실 등에 관한 법률 ······················································································ 101
6.4 장애인·노인·임산부 등의 편의증진 보장에 관한 법률 ············································ 102
6.5 도시교통정비 촉진법 ································································································· 103
IV. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 기본 구상 ····························································· 107
1. (가칭) 국립자연유산원의 기본 개념 ··············································································· 107
2. 기능 및 공간 구상 ·········································································································· 108
2.1 기본적 역할 ················································································································ 108
2.2 주요 공간 구상 ·········································································································· 109
3. 부지의 적정성 검토 ········································································································· 110
3.1 (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 후보지 대안 ································································ 110
3.2 대안 1 - 을숙도 일원 ································································································ 111
3.3 대안 2 - 에코델타시티 일원 ····················································································· 113
3.4 대안 3 - 둔치도 일원 ································································································ 115
4. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립 후보지 선정 ······································································ 116
4.1 부지의 적정성 검토 기준 ·························································································· 116
4.2 부지의 적정성 검토 결과 ·························································································· 118
V. (가칭) 국립자연유산원 건립의 타당성 분석 ······················································· 121
1. 적정 건립 규모 및 시설배치 기본계획 ·········································································· 121
1.1 건립 기본 방향 ·········································································································· 121
1.2 적정 건립 규모 ·········································································································· 121
2. 운영 계획 ························································································································· 123
2.1 조직 구성 ··················································································································· 123
2.2 인력 구성 ··················································································································· 124
3. 총 사업비 추정 ················································································································ 126
3.1 비용 추정 기준 ·········································································································· 126
3.2 공사비 추정 ················································································································ 127
가. 건축공사비 ············································································································ 127
나. 조경공사비 ············································································································ 127
다. 전시공사비 ············································································································ 128
라. 부지매입비 ············································································································ 128
3.3 시설부대경비 ·············································································································· 128
가. 설계비 ··················································································································· 129
나. 감리비 ··················································································································· 129
다. 시설부대비 ············································································································ 130
라. 시설부대경비 종합 ······························································································· 130
마. 예비비 ··················································································································· 130
3.4 총 사업비 추정 결과 ································································································· 131
가. 공공기관 설립 총 사업비 ····················································································· 131
나. 소속기관 건립 총 사업비 ····················································································· 132
4. 운영비 추정 ····················································································································· 133
4.1 인건비 산정 ·········································································································· 133
4.2 관리운영비 산정 ········································································································· 133
4.3 사업비 산정 ················································································································ 134
4.4 총 운영비 추정 결과 ································································································· 134
4.5 재투자비 ····················································································································· 135
4.6 잔존가치 ····················································································································· 135
5. 수입 추정 ························································································································· 136
5.1 예상입장수입 ·············································································································· 136
5.2 예상임대수입 ·············································································································· 137
5.3 수입 종합 ··················································································································· 137
6. 경제성 분석 ····················································································································· 138
6.1 경제성 분석 개요 ······································································································· 138
6.2 경제성 분석 결과 ······································································································· 140
7. 정책적 분석 ····················································································································· 145
7.1 지역낙후도 분석 ········································································································· 145
7.2 지역경제 파급효과 ····································································································· 146
가. 지역간산업연관 모형 ···························································································· 146
나. 지역경제 파급효과 분석 ······················································································ 147
VI. 종합평가 ·············································································································· 151
1. AHP를 활용한 종합판단 ································································································· 151
1.1 AHP 분석 개요 ·········································································································· 151
1.2 AHP 분석 전제 ·········································································································· 152
1.3 AHP 분석 결과 ········································································································ 155
2. 정책적 제언 ····················································································································· 159
2.1 사업추진 의지와 실행을 위한 제언 ·········································································· 159
2.2 기관 유형 설정을 위한 제언 ····················································································· 160
주제어 (가칭) 국립자연유산원』건립 타당성 연구 용역
제작일 2018-12-01
발행년도 2018년

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